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Discover popular terms that are most frequently searched by our customers. Understand more about common ingredients that are found in products. Uncover the pros and cons of the latest skin care treatments. Brush up on your skin care and beauty knowledge here.

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A

Acetyl Carnitine HCL

Amino acid that energizes skin and stimulates circulation, while offering antioxidant protection.

Acetyl Glutamyl Heptapeptide-3

Muscle-relaxing peptide that works to inhibit nerve signals and weaken intense muscle contractions.

Acetyl Hexapeptide-3

Also known as argireline, a synthetically-derived peptide that is said to block the neurostransmitter from the muscle to the skin, weakening skin contractions and relaxing muscles to help keep skin relaxed and smooth to prevent wrinkles.

Product that contains acetyl hexapeptide-3:
derma e Deep Wrinkle Reverse Serum with Peptides Plus

Actinidia Chinensis (Kiwi) Oil

Derived from the walnut-sized fruit of the actinidia chinensis tree (related to actinidia deliciosa, or kiwifruit), the oil contains over 60% alpha linolenic acid (an essential fatty acid), which helps skin and hair retain moisture.

Aesculus Hippocastanum (Horse Chestnut Seed) Extract

Strengthens capillaries and contains L-epicatechin (anti-allergy and antioxidant), L-esculin (anti-capillary-fragility factor, sunscreen and cancer-preventive) and L-rutin (anti-dermatitis and anti-capillary-fragility factor).

Products that contain Aesculus Hippocastanum (Horse Chestnut Seed) Extract:
Talika Lipocils Eyelash Conditioning Gel
DHC Concentrated Eye Cream
derma e clear vein creme

Albumen

Egg white, high in protein and firming.

Algae Extract

Known for its non-irritating and non-comedogenic moisturizing qualities, algae extract helps provide protection from irritation.

Products that contain algae extract:
M2 Skin Recovery Moisturizer
Elemis Pro-Collagen Eye Renewal

Allantoin

A by-product of uric acid. Both allantoin and uric acid are known antioxidants, which help fight off free radicals, the scavengers that damage skin and speed the aging process.

Product that contains allantoin:
Neova Breakout Control Swabs

Almond (Prunus Amygdalus Dulcis) Oil

Works as a nutritive emollient.

Products that contain almond (Prunus Amygdalus Dulcis) oil:
NUXE Huile Prodigieuse Or - Dry Oil Golden Shimmer
Jurlique Rose Hand Cream
Dr.Hauschka Rose Body Moisturizer

Aloe Vera (Aloe Barbadensis)

A popular botanical with medicinal properties like antibiotic, anti-inflammatory and wound healing. Aloe vera is used in cosmetic preparations for its moisturizing, soothing and calming benefits. Excellent for dry, sensitive skin as well as treatment for sunburns, other minor burns and skin irritations.

Products that contain aloe vera (Aloe Barbadensis):
Solvere Fortified Moisturizer
Topix Ultra Lite Moisture Dew Lotion
Naturopathica Soothing Shave Cream

Aloe Vera (Aloe Barbadensis) Extract

Extract from the aloe vera plant with soothing, healing and moisturizing effects.

Products that contain aloe vera (Aloe Barbadensis) extract:
Aloe Vera (Aloe Barbadensis) Extract

Alpha Lipoic Acid (ALA)

An antioxidant widely used in prevention of various diseases. Its main function is to increase production of glutathione, which helps dissolve toxic substances in the liver. An antioxidant helps neutralize free radicals in our bodies and protects our cells from damage. A free radical is an unstable molecule that tries to steal electrons from other molecules, thus causing damage. Smoking, pollution, car exhaust and fried foods are some sources of free radicals.

Products that contain Alpha Lipoic Acid (ALA):
derma e Firming Toner with DMAE, Alpha Lipoic and C-Ester

Aminoguanidine

Maintains supple skin by preventing sugars from crystallizing on collagen fibrils, thus preventing the fibrils from becoming brittle. Helps preserve protein structure.

Androgens

A steroid hormone, such as testosterone or androsterone, that controls the development and maintenance of masculine characteristics. Also known as male sex hormones that are linked with the development of acne.

Aniba Rosaeodora (Rosewood) Essential Oil

Oil extracted from the wood of Aniba rosaeodora (rosewood). Used as a fragrance, for relaxation and in the treatment of acne, colds, dry skin, dull skin, fever, flu, headache, oily skin, scars, sensitive skin and stretch marks.

Anthemis Nobilis (Chamomile) Extract

An herb with many benefits: bactericidal, anti-itching, soothing, antiseptic, purifying, refreshing and hypoallergenic. It also has been proven to have anti-inflammatory and repairing properties. Chamomile is a non-comedogenic ingredient and can be used in aftershaves and eye treatment preparations as well as in products for dry skin.

An herb that scientists have found to have real value for hair and skin. A mild mixture of chamomile produces an oily substance that is soothing to the skin, used most often by adding it to the bath. A solution of concentrated chamomile left on the hair for a few hours will lighten it several shades.

Products that contain Chamomile:
Eminence Soothing Chamomile Tonique
glominerals gloMoist Hydration Mist
Red Flower Ocean Body Lotion
Arcona Chamomile Balm

Antioxidants

Used in skin care products and include vitamins E and C as well as beta-carotene. They work by destroying free radicals (oxygen molecules that break down collagen, which causes wrinkles and sagging).

Products that contain antioxidants:
Skinceuticals Antioxidant Lip Repair
Dermalogica Age Smart Antioxidant HydraMist
Replenix Eye Repair Cream

Apple (Pyrus Malus) Extract

An MMP (matrix metalloproteinase) inhibitor, it helps prevent the breakdown of collagen and aids in anti-aging and anti-scarring. A botanical that protects against premature aging of the skin by reducing the skin-damaging effects of free radicals. Apple (Pyrus malus) extract is a rich source of various vitamins, trace elements and amino acids. Malic acid is the principal acid (90-95% of the total acids) of the fruit.

Product that contain apple (pyrus nalus) extract:
ilike Quince Apple Gel Mask

Eminence Pear Green Apple Sugar Scrub
Juice Beauty Green Apple Cleansing Gel

Apricot (Prunus Armeniaca) Oil

Nourishing oil loaded with fatty acids and antioxidant vitamins. Contains L-amygdalin (anti-inflammatory and cancer-preventive properties), L-beta-sitosterol (anti-inflammatory) and squalane (lipid-peroxidation inhibitor).

Products that contain apricot (prunus armeniaca):
100% Pure Honey Almond Body Scrub
Dr.Hauschka Quince Day Cream
PATYKA ABSOLIS Face Cream - Neroli
Red Flower Cardamom Amber Oil -Red Flower Tangerine Fig Butter Creme

Aqua (Distilled Water)

Water that has had virtually all of its impurities, as well as electrolytes, removed through boiling the water and re-condensing the steam into a clean container, thus leaving contaminants behind.

Products that contain aqua (distilled water):
Arcona Tabula Rasa Pads
Arcona The Solution Pads
Astara Skin Care Blue Flame Purifying Treatment
Sircuit Skin Savior Problem Skin Cleanser Sircuit Skin Sircuit Agent Anti-Aging Serum for Blemished Skin
Sircuit Skin Immaculate Mist Hydrating Mist for Problem Skin

Arginine

Antioxidant amino acid that is helpful in wound healing and enhances human growth hormone (HGH) release.

Product that contain arginine:
Peter Thomas Roth Max Complexion Correction Pads
mybody Future is Bright"

Argireline

A synthesized peptide (acetyl hexapeptide-3) derived from various plants that displays anti-wrinkle results by blocking the transmitter from the muscle to the skin, keeping skin relaxed and smooth.

Products that contain argireline:
PCA SKin ExLinea Peptide Smoothing Serum
Peter Thomas Roth Ultra Lite Anti-Aging Cellular Repair

Azelaic Acid

Antibacterial derived from wheat, rye and barley, it is used as a topical treatment for mild to moderate acne and to clear the bumps, lesions and swelling caused by rosacea. It is a scavenger of free radicals and helps reduce pigmentation. Rarely, patients with dark complexions may experience hypopigmentation of skin. Scientific name is heptanedicarboxylic acid.

Products that contain azelaic acid:
Epionce Lytic Plus Tx
Arcona Brightening Drops
Jan Marini Bioglycolic Bioclear Lotion

Azulene

Derived from chamomile and used primarily as a coloring agent in cosmetics. It can have antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties.

Products that contain azulene:
Cellex - C Clear Complexion Complex

B

Balm Mint (Melissa Officinalis) Essential Oil

Also known as lemon balm, it has an antibacterial and anti-inflammatory effect with calming, soothing skin properties. Also used as fragrance.

Products that contain balm mint (melissa officinalis) essential oil:
Dermalogica Multi-Active Toner

Banana Extract

Natural scent, also used for moisturization.

Bearberry Extract

Effective skin lightener that decreases the melanin in the skin.

Products that contain bearberry extract:
Eminence Bright Skin Masque

Beeswax (Apis Mellifera)

A firming agent, emulsifier and protective lubricant. Emulsifiers keep the skin care product from separating.

Products that contain beeswax:
Eminence Citrus Lip Balm
Dr.Hauschka Hand Cream
Sircuit Skin Mangilla Mango-Vanilla Moisturizing Lip Balm

Beet (Beta Vulgaris) Extract

Natural scent, also used for moisturization.

Products that contain beet (beet vulgaris) extract:
Eminence Red Currant Mattifying Mist

Behentrimonium Methosulfate

Made from colza (canola) oil, it's a mild ingredient and used as an emulsifier. Recommended for use in baby products that are left on the skin.

Behenyl Alcohol

A thickening agent used in cosmetics, it helps make skin smoother and prevents moisture loss. Derived from naturally occurring fatty alcohols, it is not related to irritating forms of alcohol.

Benzethonium Chloride

Used as a preservative in cosmetics and considered less irritating than other forms of preservatives.

Benzoic Acid

A preservative used in skin care products that primarily wards off molds and yeasts. It is generally non-irritating, though it may cause a reaction in people who are sensitive to similar chemicals.

Products that contain benzoic acid:
Neocutis Lumiere Riche
Eminence Citrus Exfoliating Wash

Benzyl Alcohol

Derived from a pure alcohol, a colorless liquid with a mild, pleasant faint sweet aromatic odor. It is a constituent of a variety of essential oils including jasmine, hyacinth, ylang-ylang and other plants. It is often used as a preservative against bacteria in concentrations of 1 to 3%. It also is used as a solvent in perfumes, a preservative in hair dyes and a topical antiseptic. It can be irritating and corrosive to the skin and mucous membranes.

Bergamot (Citrus Aurantium Bergamia) Essential Oil

Considered an antiseptic and bacterial growth inhibitor, it also is considered good for oily and acne skin, and for seborrheic conditions. Sun exposure after applying pure bergamot oil or a compound with a high bergamot oil concentration to the skin may trigger hyperpigmentation and a skin rash. When used in perfumes, its photosensitizing (sensitivity to light) properties are responsible for hyperpigmentation seen behind the ear and on the neck area near the ear. The oil extracted from the rind of bergamot is from the monarda plant, of which there are several varieties.

Products that contain bergamot (Citrus Aurantium Bergamia) essential oil:
Archipelago Botanicals Signature Travel Tin - Bergamot Tobacco
Tocca Eau De Parfum - Violette.

Beta-Carotene

A member of the carotenoid family. There are hundreds of carotenoids including lycopene and lutein. Beta-carotene is a precursor that helps form retinol (vitamin A). It is converted to vitamin A in the liver as needed. Topically, beta-carotene is a potentially good antioxidant and can reduce the effects of sun damage, though this benefit is dose-dependent.

Products that contain beta-carotene:
Colorescience Pressed Illuminating Pearl Powder - Champagne Kiss

Black Currant (Ribes Nigrum) Oil

Derived from the seeds of the black currant, this oil contains a high level of gamma linolenic acid (GLA), a fatty acid used in cosmetics as an emollient, antioxidant and cell regulator. GLA is considered to promote healthy skin growth and is an anti-inflammatory agent.

Products that contain black currant (Ribes Nigrum) oil:
Tocca Eau De Parfum - Violette.

Borage (Borago Officinalis)

From an annual herb and used for anti-aging, it's an emollient. It is very rich in essential fatty acids, including gamma linolenic acid.

Products that contain borage:
Dermalogica Precleanse
NUXE Huile Prodigieuse Multi-Usage Dry Oil
ermginC hyper-vitalizer cream

Broccoli Sulfur

A colloidal suspension of fine sulfur particles derived from the broccoli plant. Colloidal sulfur from broccoli, which is known for its high sulfur levels, is milder and less drying than some other types, and has antiseptic benefits.

Products that contain broccoli sulfer:
Sircuit Skin Clarity+ Broccoli Sulfur Mask

Butcher's Broom (Ruscus Aculeatus) Extract

Inhibits inflammation and tones vein walls. Butcher's Broom is the root of the plant ruscus aculeatus, a common evergreen shrub native to Mediterranean countries.

Products that contain Butcher's Broom (Ruscus Aculeatus) extract:
Dr. Renaud Multi-Active Eye Contour Tensor
Avene Antirougeurs Dermo-Cleansing Fluid

Butyl Stearate

One of the most common stearic acids used in cosmetics, particularly nail polish removers, lipsticks and cleansing creams.

Butyrospermum Parkii (Shea Butter)

Derived from the karite tree, it has highly soothing, moisturizing and emollient properties.

Products that contain Butyrospermum Parkii (shea butter):
Darphin Fibrogene Line Response Nourishing Cream
Sircuit Skin Suggah Anti-Aging Lip Plumping Treatment

C

Caffeine

An antioxidant and analgesic, it has antiviral action and combats dermatitis. Caffeine helps to constrict blood vessels, which makes it a great go to ingredient for those with rosacea. It has been shown that topical application of caffeine can decrease redness and puffiness in the skin.

Products that contain caffeine:
Replenix Power of 3 Cream
Mama Mio Shrink to Fit Cream
Revaleskin Replenishing Eye Therapy

Calendula (Calendula Officinalis) Essential Oil

Anti-inflammatory herb, it assists in strengthening capillaries and helps healing. Contains L-beta-sitosterol (anti-inflammatory), D-lupeol (anti-peroxidant and anti-inflammatory) and L-rutin (anti-capillary-fragility factor).

Products that contain Calendula (Calendula Officinalis) Essential Oil:
Naturopathica Calendula Essential Hydrating Cream

Camellia Sinensis (Green Tea) Extract

 See Green Tea Extract

Camphor

A fragrant compound from an Asian evergreen tree used in skin care products because it is soothing to the skin. Camphor also is helpful for chapped skin.

 

Cananga Odorata (Ylang Ylang) Essential Oil

Essential oil used in aromatherapy and widely used in perfumery. It also helps normalize sebum secretion associated with skin problems and is usful in treating skin irritations and boils.

Products that contain Cananga Odorata (Ylang Ylang) Essential Oil:
Decleor Aroma Night Ylang Ylang Purifying Night Balm
Hamadi Shea Rice Milk Conditioner

Caramel Powder

Used for natural scent and coloring.

Cassia Beta Glycan (Cassia Angustifolia) Extract

This is a plant-based hyaluronic acid derived from cassia bark; it is calming and anti-inflammatory.

Castor Oil

A vegetable oil derived from the castor bean. Used in cosmetics as an emollient, it forms a hard film when dry. It is often used in lipsticks, but because of its unpleasant smell, it is not often found in other cosmetics. Rarely associated with skin irritation or allergic reactions.

Products that contain Castor Oil:
The Art of Shaving Pre-Shave Oil - Unscented

beingTRUE Pure Lip Color - Hedonist

Cedar Wood (Cedrus Atlantica) Essential Oil

Can have a positive effect on skin conditions such as psoriasis, dandruff, acne and eczema.

Products that contains cedar wood Cedrus Atlantica) essential oil :
Tocca Eau De Parfum - Giulietta

Centella Asiatica (Hydrocotyle) Extract

From the gotu kola plant, it's known for its anti-inflammatory and antibacterial properties. Used to promote collagen growth and decrease discolorations and scars. Also used to combat aging and swelling.

Products that contain Centella Asiatica (Hydrocotyle) extract:
is Clinical Youth Eye Complex
Dermalogica Intensive Moisture Balance
SkinCeuticals Skin Firming Cream

Cetearyl Alcohol

An emulsifying wax produced from a mixture of fatty alcohols, which together form an occlusive film to keep skin moisture from evaporating and to give skin a velvety feeling.

Products that contain Cetearyl Alcohol:
Glytone Clarifying Cream Wash

Cetearyl Olivate/Sorbitan Olivate

Derived from olive oil, cetearyl olivate is an emulsifier that often is blended with sorbitan olivate. Together these emulsifiers help mix oil- and water-based ingredients and give a product a luxurious, smooth feel.

Cetearyl Polyglucose

Emulsifier, emollient and skin protectant.

Cetyl Alcohol

Used as an emollient (skin softener), emulsifier and thickener in creams and lotions.

Chamomile (Anthemis Nobilis) Extract

An herb with many benefits: bactericidal, anti-itching, soothing, antiseptic, purifying, refreshing and hypoallergenic. It also has been proven to have anti-inflammatory and repairing properties. Chamomile is a non-comedogenic ingredient and can be used in aftershaves and eye treatment preparations as well as in products for dry skin.

An herb that scientists have found to have real value for hair and skin. A mild mixture of chamomile produces an oily substance that is soothing to the skin, used most often by adding it to the bath. A solution of concentrated chamomile left on the hair for a few hours will lighten it several shades.

Products that contain Chamomile:
Eminence Soothing Chamomile Tonique
glominerals gloMoist Hydration Mist
Red Flower Ocean Body Lotion
Arcona Chamomile Balm

Cinnamate

A sunscreen that blocks UVB, and to a lesser degree, UVA sun rays. Recognized safe and effective by the FDA. However, cinnamate can trigger skin allergies.

Citric Acid

An alpha hydroxy acid and antioxidant with exfoliating benefits to reduce fine lines and wrinkles, scars (including acne) and discolorations.

Products that contain Citric Acid:
Citrix 15% Cream
Exuviance Daily Antioxidant Peel CA10
Dr. Dennis Gross Skincare Extra Strength Alpha Beta Face Peel

Citrus Aurantifolia (Lime) Essential Oil

Antiseptic, antiviral, bactericidal and restorative benefits. Can be used as an astringent and provide toning of the skin.

Products that contain Citrus Aurantifolia (lime) essential oil:
Eminence Lime Refresh Tonique
Eminence Key Lime Vanilla Age Defying Masque

Citrus Aurantium Dulcis (Sweet Orange) Essential Oil

Revitalizing and rich in vitamins A and C. Primarily used as fragrance, and it is suitable for sensitive skin. Similar to bergamot.
A product that contains Citrus Aurantium Dulcis (aweet orange) essential oil:

Citrus Essential Oils

Used for natural scent.

Products that contain citrus essential oil:
Eminence Citrus Balm

Citrus Grandis (Grapefruit) Essential Oil

Antiseptic, diuretic, disinfectant, lymphatic stimulant, tonic and anti-infectious. Its diuretic properties help with water retention and cellulite, and it's also used for muscle fatigue and stiffness. Also used as a scent.

Products that containg Citrus Grandis (grapefruit) essential oil:
Erbaviva Jasmine Grapefruit Deodorant
Eminence PInk Grapefruit C Gel

Citrus Medica Limonum (Lemon) Oil

Considered a counterirritant, antiseptic and lymphatic stimulant. Acts as an antibiotic, sedative and astringent. May trigger an allergic reaction.

Products that contain Citrus Medica Limonum (lemon)essential oil:
ilike Lemon Cleansing Milk
100% Pure Meyer Lemon Nourishing Body Cream

Citrus Reticulata (Tangerine) Essential Oil

Antiseptic used to help with stretch marks, increasing circulation and reducing fluid retention.

Products that contain Citrus Reticulata (tangerine) essential oil:
Darphin Tangerine Aromatic Care
Eminence Jasmine Tangerine Age-Defying Night Cream

Clay

A mineral used as a clarifying agent in liquids and as a color component in face/body powders and foundations. It does not cause allergic reactions.

Products that contain Clay:
SkinCeuticals Clarifying Clay Masque
Glycolix Elite Gly-Sal 2-2 Acne Medicated Cleanser
Eminence Clear Skin Probiotic Masque

Cocamide Betaine /Cocamidopropyl Betaine:

Mild surfactant derived from coconut oil.

Products that contain cocamide betaine/cocamidopropyl betaine:
Peter Thomas Roth Beta Hydroxy Acid 2% Acne Wash

Cocamidopropyl Hydroxysultaine

Used as an anti-static ingredient in hair conditioners, or as a foaming and thickening agent in bath preparations.

Cocoa Butter (Theobroma Cacao)

Oil extracted from cocoa beans. It isused as an emollient and with properties similar to those of all non-fragrant plant oils. Used to soften and lubricate the skin. Comedogenic and may cause allergic skin reactions.

Cocoa Extract (Theobroma Cacao)

A potent antioxidant and also linked to circulatory benefits.

Coco-Caprylate/Caprate

Light emollient obtained from vegetable sources.

Coconut Oil

A white saturated fat derived from coconuts that has smoothing and lubricating benefits to the skin. Because it produces an excellent lather, it is often used in soap.

Products that contain Coconut Oil:
Eminence Coconut Cream Masque
Pure Fiji Mini Floral Soap Coconut

Coffea Arabica Extract

Coffea arabica is the coffee plant, and there is research showing its seed extract to have antioxidant properties.

CoffeeBerry

Considered to be one of the richest sources of polyphenol antioxidants that aid in the prevention of cellular damage to the skin. Diminishes wrinkles, softens skin, improves discoloration and is suitable for dry- and combination-skin conditions.

Products that contain CoffeeBerry:
RevaleSkin Intense Recovery Treatment
PRIORI Day Complex
PRIORI CoffeeBerry Perfecting Minerals Foundation SPF 25
RevaleSkin Night Cream

Colloidal Minerals

Minerals from clay or shale deposits, and also from plant sources, that are finely ground and processed for absorption into cells. Have regenerative and antiseptic properties/benefits.

Comedo

The primary sign of acne consisting of a dilated (widened) hair follicle filled with keratin squamae (skin debris), bacteria and sebum (oil). A comedo may be closed or open.

Commiphor Myrrha (Myrrh) Extract

Herb with antibacterial and antiviral properties.

Products that contain Commiphor Myrrha (myrrh) extract are:
glominerals gloMoist Hydration Mist

Concentrated Pumpkin (Cucurbita Pepo) Extract

A fruit enzyme rich in beta carotene and over 100 other nutrients.

Products that contain concentrated pumpkin (Cucurbita Pepo) extract:
Arcona Pumpkin Body Lotion 10%
MyChelle Dermaceuticals Creamy Pumpkin Cleanser

Cranberry (Vaccinium Macrocarpon) Extract

An effective scavenger of free radicals; therefore, it has antioxidant properties. Cranberry also is rich in flavonoids, citric and other acids as well as vitamin C. Cranberry has been shown to increase the absorption of vitamin B12. It has purifying and antiviral properties and assists in the renewal of skin cells.

Products that contain cranbery (Vaccinium Macrocarpon) extract:
Arcona Cranberry Gommage

Creatine

Increases cell energy and boosts natural collagen production.

Products that contain creatine:
Dermalogica Age Smart MAP-15 Regenerator
NeoCutis Re ACTIVE Anti-Oxidant Serum

Cropeptide W

Hydrating protein complex offering immediate moisturization and skin recovery.

Cucumber

As a fresh vegetable, or in extracts, the naturally acidic cucumber contains vitamin C and chlorophyll. Slices of cucumber can be helpful in soothing tired, puffy eyes.

Products that contain cucumber:
Eminence Clear Skin Probiotic Masque.
Eminence Clear Skin Probiotic Cleanser
Darphin Eye Sorbet Mask
Peter Thomas Roth Cucumber Gel Masque

Cucumis Sativus (Cucumber) Extract

Cools and refreshes and has been shown to be moisture-binding and moisture-regulating with softening properties.

Products that contain Cucumis Sativus (cucumber) extract:
100% Pure Organic Cucumber Juice Facial Cleansing Foam
Eminence Cucumber Eye Gel

Cyclomethicone & Dimethicone Copolyol

This blend imparts long-lasting emollience. It also acts as a carrier to deliver active ingredients.

D

D-Alpha Bisabolol

Soothing, anti-inflammatory, antimicrobial properties. Also enhances absorption of certain molecules.

D-Alpha-Tocopherol (Vitamin E)

The natural form of vitamin E that is the chirally correct and most-effective. A strong antioxidant, healing and sun-protection properties.

Productst that contain D-Alpha-Tocopherol (vitamin E):
GlyMed Plus Cell Science Vitamin E-Sensual Cell Cream
PCA Skin in C-Strength 15% with 5% Vitamin E

D-Beta-Fructan

Strengthens skin immunity and promotes collagen, elastin and moisture. D-Beta-Fructan is a polysaccharide that guides the activity of glucosamine (aiding in skin moisture retention), anti-inflammatory, builds collagen and elastin.

D-Beta-Glucosamine

Skin-strengthening agent; it's an amino derivative of glucose and the basic structural unit of chitin. Used as a pH adjuster in skin care.it is a polysaccharide that guides the activity of glucosamine (aiding in skin moisture retention), anti-inflammatory, builds collagen and elastin.

D-Boldine (Peumus Boldus) Extract

Chirally correct antioxidant from the Chilean boldo tree.

Products that contain D-boldine (Peumus Boldus) Extract:
Pevonia Botanica Lumafirm Freeze-Dried

D-Cranberry Complex

Chirally correct form, antiviral, antibacterial, antifungal and purifying.

Decyl Glucoside

A mild surfactant used in cosmetic formulas, it's ideal for individuals with sensitive skin. It has moisture-binding properties and gives skin a soothing effect.

Deuterium Oxide / D20 (Heavy Water)

Ten percent heavier than regular water, so it doesn't evaporate as quickly. Protects DNA from free radicals and ionizing radiation. Calming, protective and provides intense hydration.

D-Glucuronic Acid

This precursor of vitamin C is nature's chief de-toxifier. Found in plants and animals, it helps retain moisture.

Diatomaceous Earth

A naturally occurring, soft, chalk-like sedimentary rock that is easily crumbled into a fine white to off-white powder. This powder has an abrasive feel, similar to pumice powder and is very light. It is used as a filtration aid, a mild abrasive and as an absorbent for liquids.

Products that cotain Diatomaceous Earth is:
Astara Skincare Daily Refining Scrub

Dihydroxyacetone (DHA)

The FDA-approved active ingredient in topical self-tanning products. This is a harmless skin dye that reacts with an amino acid in the skin or sweat to produce a temporary tan that flakes off as you shed skin. The higher the concentration, the more orange the tan will appear. Does not offer any skin protection against the sun.

Products that contain Dihydroxyacetone (DHA):
Avene Moisturizing Self-Tanning Lotion

Dimethicone

Increases the linking of hyaluronic acid and other polysaccharides to protein for a healthy shine in hair. A form of silicone used to give products a good texture, it also helps prevent moisturize loss in the skin. In combination with other ingredients, it becomes an excellent waterproofing material for sunscreen emulsion.

Products that contain Dimethicone:Topix Intensive Hand Cream
RevaleSkin Night Cream

Dipeptide Diaminobutyroyl Benzylamide Diacetate

A synthetic peptide with a snake-like venom mode of activity. Blocks the nicotinic acetylcholine receptors at the neuromuscular junction, inhibiting muscular movement, ultimately protecting skin.

Dipeptide-2

Helps improve lymphatic circulation and detoxifies skin. Improves drainage of undereye bags.

Products that contain Dipeptide-2:
mybody Calm After The Storm - Soothing + De-Puffing Eye Cream
Replenix Intensive Eye Lightening Serum

D-Panthenol

A form of vitamin B5, panthenol protects the skin against sunburn, provides relief for existing sunburn and enhances the natural tanning process. Panthenol acts as a humectant and aids in tissue repair, and it is effective in making hair shinier.

Products that contain D-Panthenol:
Dermalogica Skin Hydrating Booster
Hamadi Shea Hair Cream

D-Retinol

The chirally correct form of retinol, an advanced form of vitamin A. Stimulates cell turnover and renewal.

Products that contain D-Retinol:
SkinCeuticals Retinol 1.0 Maximum Strength Refining Night Cream
Dr. Dennis Gross Skincare Ferulic + Retinol Triple Correction Eye Serum

E

Elastin

A structural protein found in the dermis with collagen. Used as a surface protective agent. It helps to improve the texture, enhance flexibility and alleviate dry skin.

Products that contain Elastin:
Dr. Renaud Multi-Active Ey Contour Tensor

Emblica Fruit

Also known as the Indian gooseberry or amla fruit, it containes strong antioxidant capabilities and proves to be an effective cleansing additive for sensitive skin. Effective skin lightener that decreases the melanin in the skin.

A product that contains Emblica Fruit:
Replenix Sheer Physical Sunscreen Cream SPF 50

Enzymes

An enzyme is a protein that is involved as a catalyst in a chemical reaction. Enzymes in cosmetics are often used to break down substances, as a proteolytic enzyme breaks down keratin protein in dead cells.

Products that contain Enzymes:
Eminence Yam and Pumpkin Enzyme Peel
Arcona Papaya Enzyme Gel

Epidermal Growth Factor (EGF)

Wound healer, it assists in skin renewal and speeds the growth of healthy skin cells.

Products that contains Epidermal Growth Factor (EGF):
DHC EGF Cream
PCA Skin Rejuvenating Serum

Essential Oils

The oily liquid obtained from plants. Used as a preservative, fragrance or flavoring. A large number of oils also possess antiseptic and germicidal properties.

Products that contain Essential Oils is:
Jurlique Soothing Foaming Cleanser

Estrogen

Used in some facial creams that are designed for dry and lined skin. The FDA permits its use in creams in low dosages only. Estrogen does not alter the growth of skin cells, but it does enable the skin to retain water. Medical-grade estrogen is allowed to contain higher levels of estrogen, and some experts believe that estrogen at this dosage level can improve skin tone on a limited basis.

F

Fig Enzyme

An enzyme (ficin) used as a protein digestant in cosmetics. It exfoliates dead skin cells and opens up the pores. It is said to be 10-20 times more powerful than papain enzymes.

Follicles

Structures where pimples form. They are found within the skin and house the oil glands and hair.

Fructose

A naturally occurring sugar with moisture-binding and skin-softening properties. Can also be used as a preservative.

Fullersomes

A complex of skin nutrients, they act as carriers by bonding with ingredients to allow deeper penetration into the skin.

Products that contain Fullersomes is:
CosMedix Affirm Antioxidant Firming Serum

G

Ginseng

Contains bloodflow-boosting properties to benefit the skin. It is an antioxidant, an anti-inflammatory and a stimulant for skin. Used as a demulcent and hair conditioner. May cause allergic skin reaction.

Products that contain Ginseng:
Elemis Rehydrating Ginseng Toner
emerginC forte 20% vitamin C serum

Glucosamine

An amino sugar used in dietary supplements in support of osteoporosis and other related conditions. Glucosamine is naturally found in shells of shellfish, animal bones, bone marrow and fungi. Used as a pH adjuster in skin care. Known as a stimulant of hyaluronic acid in joints and cartilage, it is also known to help skin stay hydrated, which may provide more fullness, radiance and a youthful appearance.

Products that contain Glucosamine:
Goldfaden MD Hands to Heart
NeoStrata Exuviance Age Reverse Day Repair - SPF 30

Glutamic Acid

An amino acid, generally from vegetable protein. It is a moisture-binder and antioxidant.

Glycerin

Also called glycerol, it is present in all natural lipids (fats), whether animal or vegetable. It can be manufactured by the hydrolysis of fats and by the fermentation of sugars. It can also be synthetically manufactured. Glycerin shores up the skin's natural protection by filling in the area known as the intercellular matrix and by attracting just the right amount of water to maintain the skin's homeostasis. There is research indicating that the presence of glycerin in the intercellular layer helps other skin lipids do their jobs better.

Products that contain Glycerin:
iS Clinical Body Complex.
Natura Bisse Top Ten Complex
DHC Olive Soap Mini
Epionce Lytic Gel Cleanser

Glyceryl Stearate

Derived from natural stearic acid and glycerin, this is a popular emulsifier and emollient used in cosmetic preparations, such as creams and lotions, providing stability and texture.

Products that contain Glyceryl Stearate:
Goldfaden MD Pure Start

Glycol Distearate

Crystalline ester made from natural stearic acid and ethylene glycol combined with an emulsifier (steareth-4) for easy handling. Used as a thickening agent, glycol distearate is a common ingredient in shampoos and hair-coloring agents.

Glycolic Acid

The most-common alpha hydroxy acid found in cosmetic preparations due to its excellent capability to penetrate skin. It is most often used as a chemical peel performed by a dermatologist in concentrations of 20%-80% or in at-home kits in lower concentrations of 10%. It is used to improve the skin's appearance and texture. It may reduce wrinkles, acne scarring, hyperpigmentation and improve many other skin conditions. Once applied, glycolic acid reacts with the upper layer of the epidermis, weakening the binding properties of the lipids that hold the dead skin cells together. This allows the outer skin to "dissolve," revealing the underlying healthier, smoother, brighter-looking skin.

Glycolic acid is popular mainly because it is the alpha hydroxy acid that has been the most-widely studied, and there is some thought that because it has the smallest molecular structure of the AHAs that it works more effectively than the others. However, its small molecular structure and consequent rapid penetration make it the most irritating of the AHA group. The possibility of irritation makes glycolic acid more suitable for those with mature or non-sensitive skin.

The widespread use of glycolic acid, though, gives the consumer flexibility on the formula. The consumer has a wide range of choices in glycolic acid products: gels, serums, lotions, creams and formulas at varying pH levels and concentrations in products that can contain a variety of other age-fighting ingredients.

Products that contain Glycolic Acid:
Glycolix Elite Treatment Pads 20%
Glytone Mild Gel Wash
Jan Marini Bioglycolic Facial Cleanser
Is Clinical active Serum 1 fl oz

Glycyrrhiza Glabra (Licorice Root) Extract

An anti-inflammatory with powerful skin-lightening properties. Contains L-beta-sitosterol (anti-inflammatory and anti-cancer), L-fenchone (counter-irritant), L-genistein (anti-cancer and anti-proliferative) and D-glycyrrhizin (anti-allergy and pro-capillary).

Products that contain Glycyrrhiza Glabra (Licorice Root) Extract:
Eminence Bright Skin Licorice Root Booster
PCA Skin A and C Synergy Serum

Grape Seed (Vitis Vinifera) Extract

Powerful antioxidant and exhibits some wound-healing properties.

Products that contain Grape Seed Extract :
Eminence Grape Antioxidant Serum
ilike Grape Stem Cell solutions Rich Moisturizer

Grapefruit (Citrus Grandis) Essential Oil

Antiseptic, diuretic, disinfectant, lymphatic stimulant, tonic and anti-infectious. Its diuretic properties help with water retention and cellulite, and it's also used for muscle fatigue and stiffness. Also used for scent.

Products that contain grapefruit (Citrus Grandis) Essential Oil:
100% Pure Pink Grapefruit Body

Green Tea (Camellia Sinensis) Extract

The antioxidant polyphenols found in green tea promote healthier skin. Shown to fight bacteria, reduce inflammation and decrease hormone activity, which makes it excellent for treating acne conditions. Also used in treatments for rosacea and psoriasis.

Products that contain Green Tea Extract:
Arcona Greet Tea Lotion
SkinCeuticals Clarifying Masque

Gynostemma Pentaphyllum extract (Ginseng)

Rich amino acid that helps increase circulation and reduce platelet aggregation (blood clotting).

Products that contain Gynostemma Pentaphyllum Extract (Ginseng):
ermingC forte 20% vitamin C serum
Jurlique Herbal Recovery Eye Gel

H

Hamamelis Virginiana (Witch Hazel) Extract

Used as an astringent, antiseptic and anti-inflammatory. L-Epigallocatechin, d-Gallocatechin and D-Hamamelose make Hamamelis virginiana (witch hazel) a calming antioxidant.

Products that contain Hamamelis Virginiana (Witch Hazel) Extract:
Sircuit Addict Firming Anti-Aging Serum

Hazelnut (Corylus Avellana) Oil

Contains oleic acid, vitamin E and carotenoids that strengthen the capillaries and assist in cell regeneration, which tightens and restores tone to the skin.

Heavy Water (Deuterium Oxide / D2O)

Ten percent heavier than regular water, so it doesn't evaporate as quickly. Protects DNA from free radicals and ionizing radiation. Calming, protective and provides intense hydration.

Products that contain Heavy Water (D20) is:
CosMedix Mystic Hydrating Treatment

Helianthus Annuus (Sunflower) Oil

Used in cosmetic and hair care formulas due to its emollient properties.

Products that contain Helianthus Annuus (Sunflower) Oil:
Dermalogica Age Smart Multivitamin Thermafoliant
GlyMed Plus Cell Science Daily Repair Mega-Moisture Cream

Hesperidin Methyl Chalcone

Increases vascular integrity (strenthens capillaries) and decreases capillary permeability (leaking).

Products that contain Hesperidin Methyl Chalcone:
Clinician Complex Under Eye Repair
Avene Antirougeurs Dermo-Cleansing Fluid

Hexadecyl D-Glucoside

An emollient and moisturizer derived from coconut.

Honey

A natural antibacterial substance, useful in the treatment of wounds. It contains hydrogen peroxide, which it releases slowly, killing any germs that are in the wound. It contains other properties that help generate tissue, possibly vitamin C and amino acids.

Products that contain Honey:
Eminence Honeydew Body Lotion
Naturopathica Honey Vanilla Lip Balm
100% Pure Honey Almond Body Scrub

Horse Chestnut Seed (Aesculus Hippocastanum) Extract

Strengthens capillaries and contains L-epicatechin (anti-allergy and antioxidant), L-esculin (anti-capillary-fragility factor, sunscreen and cancer-preventive) and L-rutin (anti-dermatitis and anti-capillary-fragility factor).

Humectant

Substance that preserves the moisture or water content of the skin. Most dry skin lacks moisture rather than oil, and therefore humectants and moisturizers are needed instead of creams or oils. The most effective humectants are alpha hydroxy acids, particularly lactic acid, which, when applied to the skin, draws water from the dermis into the epidermis.

Some products that contain Humectants:
Dr. Renaud Pro Retinol Serum
M2 Exfoliating Cleanser

Hyaluronic Acid

Identified biochemically as a glycosaminoglycan (GAG), hyaluronic acid was isolated about 60 years ago from vitreous humor. Its name is derived from the Greek word for glass (hyalos), which accurately describes its transparent, glassy appearance.

Hyaluronic acid is a natural substance found in great abundance in young skin, synovial fluid and other tissues in humans and animals. Over time, free radicals, produced mostly through exposure to pollutants and sunlight, degrade and destroy hyaluronic acid. Fifty year olds are estimated to have less than half the hyaluronic acid they had in youth. Hyaluronic acid often is used in conjunction with vitamin C products because of its ability to help the vitamin C to penetrate effectively.

Hyaluronic acid has also been shown to reduce dryness, itching and burning, and it offers an excellent environment for the growth of new cells and healing.

Products that contain Hyaluronic Acid:
iS Clinical Super Serum Advance+
SkinCeuticals Hydrating B5 Gel
NeoCutis HYALIS Hydrating Serum- 30 ml

Hydrocotyle (Centella Asiatica) Extract

Active compounds in gotu kola are called saponins, or triterpenoids. Gotu kola is also used in Ayurvedic and Chinese medicine to treat skin wounds. Known for its anti-inflammatory and antibacterial properties. Used to promote collagen growth and decrease discolorations and scars. Also used to combat aging and swelling. Chinese name for gotu kola translates to "fountain of youth."

Products that contain Hydrocotyle (Centella Asiatica) extract:
iS Clinical Cleansing Complex
iS Clinical Youth Eye Complex

Hydrogenated Amino Acids

A blend of amino and natural fatty acids that makes a mild and biodegradable natural detergent.

Hydrolyzed Hibiscus Esculentus Extract

Inhibits muscle cell contraction for up to 24 hours and has an accumulative, anti-wrinkle effect.

Hydrolyzed Milk Protein

From milk, it acts as a moisturizing agent.

Hydrolyzed Yeast Protein

Reduces sebum flow and normalizes sebum production. Revitalizes with moisture and fights dryness.

Hydroquinone

A skin-bleaching agent that can reduce the intensity of pigmentation due to freckles, melasma and senile lentigines (age spots). When applied to the skin over a period of several months, the skin temporarily becomes somewhat lighter. For continued and increased effectiveness it must be used for a longer term. Sun exposure should be avoided because it reverses the effect of hydroquinone by increasing skin pigmentation. Occasionally, at higher concentrations, persons with a darker skin type will experience increased pigmentation. There is mild skin irritation and the possibility of an allergic reaction.

Products that contain hydroquinone:
Neostrata HQ Skin Lightening Gel
Clinicians Complex 6% Skin Bleaching Cream
PCA Skin Pigment Gel

Hydrosuccinimide

Facilitates the elimination of blood-originating pigments (iron and bilirubin) by binding iron and making it soluble for elimination.

I

Inositol

B vitamin complex with the primary function of maintaining the structure and integrity of the cell membrane. Helps promote healthy hair and skin; has been used to treat eczema.

Iron Oxide

Chemical compound used to color cosmetics.

Products that contain Iron Oxide:
PRIORI CoffeeBerry Perfecting Minerals Concealer SPF 25
PRIORI CoffeeBerry Perfecting Minerals Finishing Touch

Isotretinoin

A medication used to treat severe acne. It is a retinoid, meaning it is derived from vitamin A, and found in small amounts naturally in the body. Oral isotretinoin is usually referred to as accutane or roaccutane while topical isotretinoin is most commonly known as Isotrex or Isotrexin.

J

Jasmine

This aromatic alcohol from the jasmine branch of the olive family is a powerful pheromone, which discourages bacteria and other micro-organisms.

Products that contain Jasmine:
Eminence Herbal Eye Contour Cream

Jasmine Alcohol

A non-drying alcohol from jasmine. Acts as a preservative and antibacterial agent.

Jojoba (Simmondsia Chinensis) Oil

A non-oily and water-soluble emollient.

Products that contain Jojoba (Simmondsia Chinensis) Oil:
PCA Skin Silcoat Balm
Dr.Hauschka Cleansing Milk
NuCelle Mandelic Eyelift Cream

Jojoba Beads

Spherical beads made from hardened jojoba oil for physical exfoliation.

Products that contain Jojoba Beads:
Juice Beauty Exfoliating Cleanser
Clarisonic Refining Skin Polish

Jojoba Esters

Massaging beads that mimic skin lipids. Allow for non-irritating regeneration.

Products that contain Jojoba Esters:
Lifeline Skin Care Eye Firming Complex
ARCONA Brightening Gommage

K

Kaolin (China Clay)

Hydrated aluminum silicate. Often used in powders and masks, it has absorption capabilities for both water and oil, and is non-comedogenic.

Products that contain Kaolin (China Clay):
SkinCeuticals Clarifying Clay Masque
Dermalogica Clay Cleanser

Kinetin (N6-furfuryladenine)

A bio-identical plant growth factor. This molecule is a cytokinin, an essential plant growth factor that delays age-related changes in plants. N6-furfuryladenine in plants promotes cell division and helps to ensure the orderly growth and development of the plant. In-vitro studies have shown that the compound also may delay or prevent a range of cellular changes associated with aging of human skin cells, including: alteration in cell morphology; growth rate and size; changes in the organization of the cytoskeleton; changes in the synthesis of macromolecules; accumulation of lipofuscin aging pigments.

Products that contain Kinetin:
DermaQuest Skin Therapy Nourishing Peptide Cream
Kinerase Extreme Lift Face
emerginC Lighten-Up Under-Eye Circle Fighter
Mesoestetic Cosmelan 2 Maintenacne Depigmentation Cream
Clincians Complex Skin Brightening Serum

L

L-Arginine PCA

An amino acid derived from nuts and seeds, it has healing properties, relaxes blood vessels and capillaries, and boosts skin immunity.

L-Ascorbic Acid

The the most-effective form of vitamin C for topical use.

Topical vitamin C must be in the form of L-ascorbic acid to be useful to the body and skin. L-ascorbic acid is unstable and tends to break down rapidly, thus making it difficult to produce for cosmetic preparations. Packaging that prevents the product from being exposed to the air is key to the ingredient's effectiveness. Once it is in the skin, studies show that L-ascorbic acid stimulates collagen synthesis, provides photoprotection, stays in the skin for up to 72 hours and prevents UV immunosuppression, a reaction that occurs in more than 90% of skin cancer patients.

Vitamin C and Sun Protection: Topical vitamin C protects skin against harm caused by exposure to sunlight. It does this by neutralizing reactive oxygen species (free radicals), the highly reactive molecules produced by the interaction of sunlight, cell membranes and other components of skin tissue. It does not absorb light, hence it is not a sunscreen, so it should not be used in replacement of sunscreen but rather is a good companion to sunscreen products. Plus, once vitamin C gets into the skin, it cannot be washed, rubbed or perspired off.

Vitamin C is a powerful antioxidant. Antioxidants protect skin by neutralizing free radicals, which would otherwise destroy skin and its components. These free radicals are stimulated by ultraviolet light and also occur naturally in the oxygen atmosphere.

Vitamin C and Collagen: Vitamin C is the only antioxidant that has been proven to increase collagen synthesis. Collagen synthesis is essential to maintain healthy skin. Studies show that collagen decreases with aging and that photoaging accelerates the decrease. L-ascorbic acid serves as a signal, relaying a critical message to collagen genes to synthesize collagen, as well as acting as a cofactor for two enzymes important in collagen synthesis.

Ineffective Vitamin C Preparations: Derivatives of vitamin C, such as ascorbyl palmitate and magnesium ascorbyl phosphate, are easier to stabilize, but recent studies indicate that vitamin C derivatives do not perform the same way as topical L-ascorbic acid. These studies show that derivatives are either not absorbed or not converted to L-ascorbic acid in high enough concentrations to have an effect.

Products that contain L-Ascorbic Acid:
SkinCeuticals C E Ferulic
iS Clinical C & E Serum Advanced+
La Roche-Posay Active C Facial Moisturizer for Normal to Combination Skin
SkinMedica Vitamin C + E Complex

Lavender Essential Oil

Provides calming, healing and purifying benefits. Also used for its pleasant natural scent.

Products that contain Lavender Essential Oil:
Eminence Lavender Age Corrective Night Eye Cream
Elemis Cellular Recovery Skin Bliss Capsules
Yonka Paris Lotion Yon-Ka Invigorating Mist

L-Carnosine

An antioxidant dipeptide composed of two amino acids, D-alanine and L-histidine.

L-Castor Oil Methyl Glycol

Castor oil made water-soluble and used as an emollient.

L-Chlorophyll

Found in plants, it has a natural green color and has antioxidant and antibacterial properties.

L-Chondroitin Sulfate

Chemical that is normally found in cartilage around joints in the body. Has water-binding properties and reparative benefits.

Lecithin

An emulsifier extracted from soy, it protects cells from oxidation and the skin by replenishing its acid mantle.

Products that contain Lecithin:
NuFace Collagen Booster
Auriderm Clearing Gel

Lemon

A fruit that contains both citric acid and vitamin C, lemon is good at cutting grease and is one of the few natural ingredients that can retain its properties after chemical extraction. For best results, cosmetics should contain concentrated lemon juice and not just the essence for a lemony fragrance. Fresh-squeezed and diluted lemon juice is an excellent rinse for oily hair. Lemon is considered a counterirritant, antiseptic and lymphatic stimulant. Acts as an antibiotic, sedative and astringent. May cause an allergic reaction.

Products that contain lemon:
Eminence Lemon Cleanser
Peter Thomas Roth Anti-Aging Cleansing Gel
Juice Beauty Blemish Clearing Cleanser

L-Ergothioneine

An exclusive and maximized natural amino acid that prompts cells to respond on multiple levels to diminish the appearance of localized discolorations. Clinical studies prove L-Ergothioneine rapidly enables skin to achieve an even-toned appearance without irritation.

Products that contain L-Ergothionene:
Dr. Renaud ExCellience Cellclock Cellular Youth Serum
Neova DNA Total Repair

Licorice Root (Glycyrrhiza Glabra) Extract

An anti-inflammatory with powerful skin-lightening properties. Contains L-beta-sitosterol (anti-inflammatory and anti-cancer), L-fenchone (counter-irritant), L-genistein (anti-cancer and anti-proliferative) and D-glycyrrhizin (anti-allergy and pro-capillary).

Products that contain Licorice Root:
PrecisionMD VIVATIA Brightening Complex ( 2% HQ)
Eminence Bright Skin Licorice Root Booster- Serum

Lime (Citrus Aurantifolia) Essential Oil

Antiseptic, antiviral, bactericidal and restorative benefits. Can be used as an astringent and provide toning of the skin.

Products that contain Lime Lime (Citrus Aurantifolia) Essential Oil:
Eminence Lime Refresh Tonique
Eminence Lime Cleansing Masque

Liposomes

Tiny sacs that deliver hydrating ingredients to skin cells. At one time, liposomes were believed to be small enough to penetrate the horny layer of the epidermis and cause skin cells to retain water more effectively and for much longer periods of time than ordinary moisturizers. Further research showed that conventional (large) liposomes were not as effective as was first believed.

Liposome technology continues to develop, with the development of nanosomes, up to 20 times smaller than liposomes, and proven to be much more effective at delivering hydration benefits to the skin.

Products that contain Liposomes:
GlyMed Plus Photo-Age Environmental Protection Gel 15
Eminence Red Currant Rapid Infusion Masque

L-Lactic Acid

Also known as milk acid, it is usually produced from fermented dairy products and used for skin softening. This AHA promotes protein softening and cell turnover. Gentler to the skin than glycolic acid.

Products that contain L-Lactic Acid:
Dermalogica Age Smart Skin Resurfacing Cleanser
Vivant Skin Care Spin Trap Antioxidant Serum
dr. brandt Microdermabrasion Skin Exfoliant

L-Malic Acid

An alpha hydroxy acid, derived from apples, berries and other fruits, that softens, exfoliates, increases cell turnover and promotes circulation. Malic acid is most commonly found in apples. Malic acid, along with tartaric acid, has unique antioxidant properties that other AHAs don't contain. Along with its antioxidant properties, malic acid has considerable moisturizing properties. Malic acid imparts a very smooth, almost slippery consistency to products. When applied to the skin, malic acid leaves a protective, moisturized coat on the skin.

Products that contain L-Malic Acid:
M2 Skin refinish 20%
ilike-Stonecrop Toner
M2 Exfoliating Cleanser

L-Menthyl Lactate

Complex derived from lactic acid and menthol that cools and refreshes the skin.

L-Proline

This amino acid, derved from various plants, strengthens skin.

L-Sodium Hyaluronate

A chirally correct form of hyaluronic acid derived from botanicals with intense moisturizing and hydrating properties.

Products that contain L-Sodium Hyaluronate:
Kerstin Florian Correcting Hyaluronic Serum
derma e Hydrating Serum with Hyaluronic Acid

L-Sodium PCA

Derived from sugar or starches found in natural sources, e.g., fruits and plants. Has water-binding properties and used as an emollient or humectant in skin and hair products.

Products that contain L-Sodium PCA:
Oxygenetix Oxygenating Moisturizer

L-Superoxide Dismutase

Potent antioxidant derived from various plants. Its role is to eliminate the free radicals resulting from lipid peroxidation and to prevent the chain reactions that would eventually reach deeply into the skin.

Products that contain L-Superoxide Dismutase:
Peter Thomas Roth Mega Rich Intensive Anti-Aging Cellular Eye Creme
MyChelle Dermaceuticals Serious Hyaluronic Firming Serum

L-Tartaric Acid

Used as an antioxidant; stimulates cell turnover, improving circulation and healthier capillaries in skin.

Products that contain L-Tartaric Acid:
Clinicians Complex Foaming Gel Cleanser
Neova Balancing Toner

M

Madecassoside

Purified molecule from Centella asiatica (gotu kola). When used topically, it has been shown to enhance wound healing and help clear chronic skin lesions. It increases the production of collagen during wound healing and also tends to increase the strength of the deposited collagen.

Malic Acid

Most commonly derived from apples for cosmetic preparations. Along with strong antioxidant properties, malic acid has considerable moisturizing properties. It imparts a very smooth, almost slippery consistency to products. When applied to the skin, malic acid leaves a protective, moisturizing coat on the skin. Excellent for sensitive, acne-prone or hyperpigmented skin.

Products that contain Malic Acid:
M2 Advanced High Potency Skin Refinish
SkinMedica AHA/BHA Cream
M2 SKin Recovery Moisturizer

Mandelic Acid

Derived from the hydrolysis of an extract of bitter almonds. It is useful in suppressing pigmentation, treating inflammatory cystic acne, rejuvenating photoaged skin, and helpful in preparing the skin for laser peeling and skin healing after laser surgery.

Products that contain Madelic Acid:
M2 Advanced High Potency Skin Refinish
Vivant Skin Care 15% Mandelic Acid 3-in-1 Serum
NuCelle Mandelic Moisturizer SPF 17
SkinCeuticals Clarifying Cleanser

Mango Fruit (Mangifera Indica) Extract

Mango (mandifera indica) has been reported to help in wound healing and is protective against UV radiation. It has a sweet scent and can be a replacement for paraffin-based emollients. It is used in lotions and massage creams.

Products that contain Mango Fruit Mangifera Indica ) Extract:
Eminence Mango Night Cream

Marjoram (Thymus Mastichina) Oil

Soothing, antiseptic and anti-fungal properties.

Meadowfoam Seed (Limnanthes Alba)

A mild, stable oil that is resistant to oxidation. A rich emollient, it assists other products to penetrate quickly into the skin.

Products that contain Meadowfoam Seed (Limnanthes Alba):
Dr. Renaud SensiDerm Mask

Melaleuca Alternifolia (Tea Tree) Oil

Oil derived from the Melaleuca alternifolia (or tea tree, native to the northeast coast of New South Wales, Australia) has multiple cosmetic and medical properties. It is a natural antiseptic, germicide, antibacterial and fungicide. It is used for athlete's foot, cold and flu, oral thrush, cold and canker sores, toothache and gum infections, cleanser additive, gum problems, mosquito bites, bug repellent, flea deterrent, mouth ulcers, herpes, cuts, abrasions, aftershave, sunburn, acne, toenail infections and more.

Products that contain Melaleuca Alternifolia (Tea Tree) Oil:
derma e Tea Tree and E Oil

Melissa Officinalis (Balm Mint) Essential Oil

Also known as lemon balm, it has an antibacterial and anti-inflammatory effect with calming, soothing skin properties. Also used as fragrance.

Mentha Piperita (Peppermint) Essential Oil

An antiseptic, strongly antibacterial, with a distinct, natural scent. Potential for allergic reactions.

Products that contain Mentha Piperita (Peppermint) Essential Oil:
Eminence Vanilla Mint Hand Cream
Pure Fiji Dilo Rescue Butter - Vanilla Mint

Milk

Used in products as a soothing skin cleanser.

Products that contain milk:
Elemis Sp@home Skin Nourishing Milk Bath
Elemis Papaya Enzyme Peel
Erbaviva Baby Soap

Milk Caprylate/Caprate

Moisturizing component of milk fat.

Mineral Oil

A clear, odorless oil derived from petroleum that is widely used in cosmetics because it is inexpensive and rarely causes allergic reactions. It can, however, induce acne lesions.

Products that contain mineral oil:
Dermablend Cover Creme Chroma 2 1/8 - Natural Beige
Avene Cold Creme
Dermablend Cover Creme Chroma 6 - Chocolate Brown

Mink Oil

A gentle oil with skin-softening abilities. Obtained from the fatty tissues of the mink.

Monobenzone

A synthetic agent that causes permanent skin bleaching. It is used only in severe cases of vitiligo to remove residual areas of normal pigmentation. May cause allergic skin reactions.

N

Niacinamide

Decreases inflammation and oiliness, alleviates atopic dermatitis from acne, decreases UV-induced skin cancers, helps decrease hyperpigmentation and increase synthesis of collagen, and is a coenzyme factor of vitamin B.

Products that contain Niacinamide:
Elta MD UV Clear Borad Spectrum SPF 46
La Roche-Posay Rosaliac Anti-Redness Moisturizer
Bliss Active 99.0 Essential Active Serum

Nucleic Acids

The building blocks of protein, these specific chemicals act on the nucleus of cells. They cannot stimulate growth when applied to the skin's surface, or to the hair. However, like all proteins, nucleic acids in cosmetics can form a film on the skin or hair shaft to help retain moisture.

O

Oatmeal

An ingredient often included in face masks and soaps because it absorbs oil from the skin's surface and reduces the redness of irritated, acne-prone skin. Non-irritating oatmeal soaps are a good choice for people with sensitive skin.

A product that contains Oatmeal is:
skyn ICELAND Arctic Hydrating Balm

Octadecanoic Fatty Acid

Also known as stearic acid, this acid acts as a powerful cleanser, reducing water's surface tension and allowing it to mix with oils and dirts on the skin to help in the removal process. Found in many products from soaps to cleansers to shea and cocoa butter.

Octadecyl D-Glucoside

Derived from coconut, it works as an emollient and moisturizer and is composed from D-Glucuronic Acid, a basic building block of Hyaluronic Acid.

Olive (Olea Europaea) Oil

A soothing, nutritive emollient with superior penetrating ability.

Products that contain Olive Oil:
DHC Deep Cleansing OIl
Jurlique Rose Love Balm

Orange (Citrus Aurantium Dulcis) Essential Oil

Revitalizing and rich in vitamins A and C. Primarily used as fragrance, and it is suitable for sensitive skin.

A product that contains Orange (Citrus Aurantium Dulcis) Essential Oil is:
Erbaviva Jasmine Orange Lip Balm

P

PABA

Acronym for para-aminobenzoic acid, the active ingredient in many sunscreens, and very effective at blocking UVB rays of the sun. Some people are allergic to PABA and its esters, especially if they are allergic to the "-caine" group of anesthetics (lidocaine, benzocaine) or to certain hair dyes. Allergic reactions to PABA resemble sunburn.

Palmitoyl Oligopeptide

Tripeptide commonly found in health and beauty care products. It enhances the production of collagen and glycosaminoglycans (GAGs), and stimulates the growth of matrix and connective tissues.

Products that contain Palmitoyl Oligopeptide:
SkinCeuticals A.G.E. Eye Complex
NIA24 Skin Strengthening Complex

Palmitoyl Tetrapeptide-7

Smoothing and regenerating peptide that significantly increases skin elasticity, firmness and tone; also hydrates, smoothes and protects the skin.

Products that contain Palmitoyl Tetrapeptide-7:
Dermalogica Age Smart Age Reversal Eye Complex
mybody Calm After The Storm - Soothing + De-Puffing Eye Cream

Panthenol

A vitamin B complex that can add strength and body to hair by filling in cracks on the shaft, thereby firming up the fiber.

Products that contain Panthenol:
Klorane Shampoo with Quinine and B Vitamins
Apivita Propoline Shampoo For Colored Hair

Papain Enzyme

An enzyme from the papaya fruit. When applied topically, papain can be used as an exfoliator. Not recommended for use on sensitive skin.

Products that contain Papain Enzyme:
Arcona Papaya Enzyme Gel
Elemis Papaya Enzyme Peel

Paprika (Capsicum Annum) Extract

Contains capsaicin (analgesic and anti-psoriasis), L-caryophyllene (anti-tumor and anti-inflammatory), D-cycloartenol (anti-inflammatory) and L-hesperidin (capillary protective).

Products that contain Paprika (Capsicum Annum) Extract:
Eminence Cinnamon Paprika Body Lotion
Eminence Eight Greens Youth Serum

Passion Fruit (Passiflora Laurifolia) Extract

Has antiseptic, healing and anti-itch properties with a pleasant, natural scent.

A product that contains Passion Fruit is:
MyChelle Dermaceuticals Fruit Fiesta Peel

Pearl

Contains an essential amino acid that heals and maintains human cells. Pearls help stimulate the metabolic activity that promote skin cell renewal.

Products that contain Pearl:
Colorescience Pressed Illuminating Pearl Powder

Pectin

Thickening agent derived from fruits and vegetables.

A product that contains Pectin:
Eminence Linden Calendula Treatment

PEG-100 Stearate

Naturally derived from sugar, used as a thickener and an emulsifier.

Pentapeptides

Amino acids helpful in anti-aging. They improve the skin and help prevent wrinkles.

Products that contain Pentapeptides:
Osmotics Clue Copper 5 Firming Elasticity Repair 1.7 oz

Peppermint (Mentha Piperita) Essential Oil

An antiseptic, strongly antibacterial, with a distinct, natural scent. See definition for Mentha Piperita.

Peumus Boldus (D-Boldine) Extract

Chirally correct antioxidant from the Chilean boldo tree. See definition for D-Boldine

Phenyl Butyl Nitrone (Spin Trap)

Referred to as "the intelligent antioxidant." Has the ability to "trap" aberrant electrons (free radicals) as they start to spin out of control and return them to their place before they do any damage. This results in inti-inflammatory, neuroprotective and age-reversing effects.

Products that contain Phenyl Butyl Nitrone (Spin Trap):
CosMedix Opti Crystal Eye Serum
Sircuit Skin Molecular Mist Hydrating Moisture Care

Photosomes

Liposomes encapsulating a DNA repair enzyme from ocean plankton. Unique in their ability to harness light energy for defense, photosomes have been proven in clinical research to improve the appearance of sun-damaged skin.

Phytoalexin-C (L-Ascorbic Acid/Wine Phytoalexin Complex)

This is a complex of L-ascorbic acid (vitamin C) and phytoalexins (antioxidants and anti-aging) from red wine. Phytoalexins help spare the skin from oxidative stress and increase collagen production. This compound restores tone, vitality and vigor to dull, lifeless skin and is highly anti-aging.

Plant Cellulose

A natural thickening agent.

Polydatin (Resveratrol)

Polydatin is a precursor of resveratrol, a powerful antioxidant from grapes with strong anti-aging properties. It is also effective as an anti-inflammatory and anti-oxidant.

Polysorbate

Emulsifier derived from sorbitol, which comes from fruit and berries. Often used in cosmetics to solubilize essential oils into water-based products.

Products that contain Polysorbate:
Kneipp Herbal Bath - Eucalyptus
Kneipp Herbal Body Wash - Orange and Linden Blossom
REN Glycolactic Radiance Renewal Mask

Propylene Glycol

A clear liquid derived from mineral oil that is commonly used as a conditioning agent in cosmetics and hair care products. It is used as a solvent for pigment in cosmetics and also works as a humectant and an emulsifier, improving the spreadability of a product. It can aggravate acne or eczema conditions.

Products that contain Propylene Glycol:
blinc resurf.a.stic Face
Kerstin Florian Clarifying Firming Eye Gel
Kerstin Florian Clarifying Sorbier Creme

Protease

An enzyme that digests proteins and breaks down amino acids by hydrolyzing peptide bonds. Used to soften and clear skin surface of cellular debris.

Prunus Amygdalus Dulcis (Almond) Oil

Works as a nutritive emollient.

Pumpkin Enzymes

Help to gently break down the outer layers of the skin, leaving it looking fresher and feeling softer by digesting the dead skin. The enzymes remove dead skin cells and decongest pores. Also known as lactobacillus/cucurbita pepo fruit ferment extract.

Products that contain Pumpkin Enzymes:
Naturopathica Pumpkin Purifying Enzyme Peel
ARCONA Pumpkin Body Lotion 10%

Pumpkin Wine

An anti-aging, nourishing antioxidant.

Products that contain Pumpkin Wine:
Naturopathica Pumpkin Purifying Enzyme Peel
MyChelle Dermaceuticals Incredible Pumpkin Peel

Pyrus Malus (Apple Extract)

An MMP (matrix metalloproteinase) inhibitor, it helps prevent the breakdown of collagen and aids in anti-aging and anti-scarring. A botanical that protects against premature aging of the skin by reducing the skin-damaging effects of free radicals. Pyrus malus (apple extract) is a rich source of various vitamins, trace elements and amino acids. Malic acid is the principal acid (90-95% of the total acids) of the fruit.

Products that contain Pyrus Malus (Apple Extract):
Eminence Pear & Green Apple Sugar Scrub
Juice Beauty Green Apple SPF 15 Moisturizer

Q

Quercitin

Bioflavonoid (nutrient) found in fruits and leafy green vegetables. Helps to maintain collagen health, strengthens capillaries and connective tissues, and also is an anti-inflammatory.

R

Resveratrol (Polydatin)

Resveratrol comes from the plant compounds called polyphenols. Known for it's antioxidant properties, resveratrol helps product against damage caused by extrinsic sources and intrinsic sources. Found in red grapes and other fruits with strong anti-aging properties.

Products that contain resveratrol:
SkinCeuticals Resveratrol BE
Replenix Restorative Nightime Bio-Therapy
ilike Ultra sensitive System Whipped Moisturizer

Retinol

Derived from various plants, it stimulates cell turnover and renewal as well as the growth of fresh, young cells. Studies have shown with the use of retinol there is an increase in production of collagen and elastin giving the skin a smoother, firmer more youthful look. It can cause cause dryness and flaking to the skin so it is recommended to gradually work up to daily use. Retinol should be used in the evening and always where a sunscreen during the day. Retinol will cause a sensitivity to the sun.

Products that contain retinol:
Replenix All-Trans-Retinol Smoothing Serum 5x
SkinMedica Retinol Complex 1.0
mybody A-Team

Rosewood (Aniba Rosaeodora) Essential Oil

Oil extracted from the wood of Aniba rosaeodora. Used as fragrance as well as for relaxation and in the treatment of acne, colds, dry skin, dull skin, fever, flu, headache, oily skin, scars, sensitive skin and stretch marks.

Roxomes

Liposomes encapsulating the first repair enzyme, isolated from a tiny mustard plant, to protect the cell's genetic material from free-radical damage. Roxomes aid in the removal of oxidation in the cell's nucleus and its energy-generating mitochondria.

Royal Jelly

A substance that is secreted from the digestive system of worker bees and fed to male bees and workers for a few days after they are born. Because the queen bee eats royal jelly throughout her life, royal jelly has been associated with health and long life.

It is packed with antioxidants minerals and proteins. It has been found to protect the skin from harmful radiation.

Ruscus Aculeatus (Butcher's Broom) Extract

Inhibits inflammation and tones vein walls. Butcher's Broom is the root of the plant ruscus aculeatus, a common evergreen shrub native to Mediterranean countries.

Rye Polyglucose

A starch from rye and used as a thickener.

S

Salicylic Acid

In it's natural form salyicylic acid is known as White Wllow Bark Extract. It has antimicrobial and preservative properties and is used in acne preparations to slough the skin. As a beta hydroxy acid, salicylic acid is used to help treat seborrhoeic dermatitis, acne, posriasis, and keratosis pilaris. Known for it's ablility to unclog pores, reduce imflammation, keep pores from clogging and natrualizing bacteria that cause breakouts. It is also one of the milder acne ingredients which makes it great for those with roscea and sensitive skin. Also used in making aspirin.

Products that contain Salicylic Acid:
Dr. Renaud SeboBalance Purifying Sebo-Absorbing Mask
Glytone Back Acne Spray (2% Salicylic Acid)
SkinCeuticals Blemish + Age Defense
Solvere Acne Clearing Toner
iS Clinical Active Serum 1 fl oz

Sambucus Nigra Flower Extract

Helps to soften the skin, reduce swelling and soothe irritation and inflammation.

Sandalwood (Santalum Album) Essential Oil

Used for scent, it also has antiseptic and astringent properties.

Saponins

Usually derived from plants, it has antibiotic and antifungal properties as well as natural surfactants (detergents).

Seaweed

A plant whose gelatin-like properties constitute the main ingredient in peel-off masks that allow the skin to retain moisture. Seaweed is also used in face creams and lotions to help provide body to the products.

Products that contain Seaweed:
GOLDFADEN Bright Eyes
GOLDFADEN Doctor's Scrub
Seaflora Potent Seaweed Serum
Seaflora Therapeutic Firming Seaweed Gel

Sebum

An oily skin moisturizer produced by sebaceous glands.

Shea Butter (Butyrospermum Parkii)

Derived from the karite tree, it has highly soothing, moisturizing and emollient properties.

Products that contain Shea Butter (Butyrospermum Parkii):
Darphin Fibrogene Line Response Nourishing Cream
Sircuit Skin Suggah Anti-Aging Lip Plumping Treatment

Silicone

Has water-repellent properties and used for longer-lasting color. It also has skin-softening and scar-reducing properties.

Simmondsia Chinensis (Jojoba) Oil

A non-oily and water-soluble emollient, Jojoba is applied directly to the skin to help diminish and calm acne, psoriasis, sunburn and chapped skin. It is also used to promote the regrowth of hair in people who are balding. Jojoba is used as an ingredient in shampoo, lipstick, makeup, cleansing products and in face, hand and body lotions.

Products that contain Simmondsia Chinensis (Jojoba) Oil:
-Dr.Hauschka Cleansing Milk

Slippery Elm (Ulmnus Fulva) Extract

A soothing, healing herb.

Sodium Ascorbyl Phosphate

Antioxidant that liberates vitamin C in the skin.

Sodium Hydrogenated Tallow Glutamate

A protein-based surfactant (compounds that lower the surface tenstion of two items), used for cleansing agent.

Sodium Hydroxymethylglycinate

Derived from glycine (naturally occurring amino acid), it is a broad-spectrum antimicrobial that is active against Gram-negative and Gram-positive bacteria, yeast and mold.

Sodium Lauroyl Lactylate

A white, powdery solid, found highly concentrated in Coconut Oil, Laurel Oil, and the milk from cows and goats. Due to its chemical and physical properties, sodium lauroyl lactylate is useful for performing a variety of supportive functions in beauty products. The ingredient may be included as a thickening agent or a foaming agent to improve the texture of products or included because the salt has the ability to deeply penetrate the skin and can draw active ingredients further into the skin tissue as a result. The primary use of Sodium Lauryl Sulfate is an emulsifier in skin care products, but also used as a conditioner and surfactant.

Sodium Lauryl Sulfate

A detergent cleanser and emulsifier in creams and lotions.

Sorbitol

Sugar alcohol that improves the skin's ability to retain moisture.

Soy Peptide

Restructuring and hydrating natural peptide form that stimulates collagen-III.

Spin Trap (Phenyl Butyl Nitrone)

Referred to as "the intelligent antioxidant." Instead of destroying rogue oxygen free radicals, it traps them, transforms them into useful oxygen and then escorts them back into the respiratory cycle where they are utilized in tissue respiration.

Squalane

Moisturizing emollient from olives.

Products that contain Squalane:
Glycolix Elite Fortified Cream

Stearic Acid

An emulsifier and emollient derived from cascarilla bark, butter acids and vegetable lipids.

Sucrose Stearate

Exceptionally mild emulsifier derived from sugar and coconut or palm oil.

Sulfur

An important mineral component of vitamin B1 and of several essential amino acids. Sulfur is necessary for the body's production of collagen, which helps to form connective tissue. Sulfur also is a component of keratin, the chief ingredient in hair, skin and nails. Sulfur is thought to dissolve the top layer of dry, dead cells and slow sebaceous (oil) gland activity. Because it helps control bacteria and exfoliate the skin, sulfur is a popular acne treatment. The highest concentration of sulfur in over-the-counter medication is 10%. Sulfur may cause a mild sensitivity and allergic reaction, and can irritate the eyes. Discontinue use if irritation occurs.

Sunflower (Helianthus Annuus) Oil

Used in cosmetic and hair care formulas due to its emollient properties.

Super Oxidase Dismutase

Super antioxidant found naturally in the body and declines with age. Revitalizes cells and reduces the rate of destruction from free radicals.

T

Tangerine (Citrus Reticulata) Essential Oil

Antiseptic used to help with stretch marks, increasing circulation and reducing fluid retention.

Tannic Acid

Botanical complex useful for firming, tightening and toning.

Tea Tree (Melaleuca Alternifolia) Oil

Taken from the leaves of the melaleuca alternifolia, which is native to the northeast coast of New South Wales, Australia. The oil is claimed to have beneficial cosmetic and medical properties (including antiseptic and antifungal action).

Tea tree oil is a natural antiseptic, germicide, antibacterial and fungicide. It is used for athlete's foot, cleanser additive, mosquito bites, cuts, abrasions, aftershave, sunburn, acne, and many other uses. Commenly used for acne treatments.

Products that contain Tea Tree (Melaleuca Alternifolia) Oil:
derma e Tea Tree and E Oil

Terminalia Catappa Leaf Extract

Botanical complex for firming, tightening and toning.

Tetradecanoic Fatty Acid

Also known as myristic acid, assists in absorption through the skin.

Tetrahydrocurcuminoids

An anti-inflammatory and antioxidant derived from turmeric (spice).

Theobroma Cacao (Cocoa Butter)

Oil extracted from cocoa beans, used as an emollient and with properties similar to those of all non-fragrant plant oils. Used to soften and lubricate the skin. Comedogenic and may cause allergic skin reactions.

Thiotaine

A potent and stable lab-formulated replication of a botanical amino acid shown to promote skin energy and block the activation of enzymes, elastase and matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs), which degrade collagen and elastin and destroy the skin's supporting structure, leading to wrinkle formation.

Titanium Dioxide

Mineral with antibacterial and antiviral activity, and it can be found in sunscreens.

Products that contain Titanium Dioxide:
Colorescience Sunforgettable Mineral Sunscreen Brush SPF 50 Matte
Dermalogica Ultra Calming Ultra Sensitive Tint SPF 30
La Roche-Posay Anthelios 50 Mineral Tinted Ultra Light Sunscreen Fluid
SkinCeuticals Physical UV Defense SPF 30

Tripeptide-1

Used in anti-aging skin care products to stimulate skin cells and produce more collagen, as well as to boost skin function and reverse damage caused by free radicals.

Triticum Vulgare (Wheat Germ) Oil

Nutrient-rich oil high in proteins, lecithin, squalene and vitamins E, A and D. Helps to alleviate roughness, cracking and chafing of skin.

U

Ulmnus Fulva (Slippery Elm) Extract

A soothing, healing herb.

Ultrasomes

Liposomes engineered to carry an extract from a marine microbe, intensifying the skin's ability to repair sun-inflicted DNA damage, speeding recovery reaction and reducing the appearance of post-sunburn peeling.

V

Vaccinium Macrocarpon (Cranberry Extract)

An effective scavenger of free radicals; therefore, it has antioxidant properties. Vaccinium macrocarpon is also rich in flavonoids, citric and other acids as well as vitamin C. Vaccinium macrocarpon has been shown to increase the absorption of vitamin B12. It is also purifying, antiviral and assists in the renewal of skin cells.

Vanilla (Vanilla Plantifolia) Essential Oil

From the vanilla bean and used as fragrance.

Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor

Stimulates the growth of blood vessels critical in repairing wounds and damaged skin. Enhances the penetration of other topical ingredients.

Vegetable Glycerin

Assists in retaining moisture and is helpful in pulling oxygen into the skin. It is a natural emollient that has a cooling effect on the skin.

Vermouth

Aromatized fortified wine rich in antioxidants.

Vitamin A Palmitate

Derived from palm oil and converts in the skin to retinol. It is a skin stabilizer and helps the skin stay moist and plump, increases collagen, and increases thickness and elasticity.

Products that contain Vitamin A Palmitate:
derma e Vitamin A Retinyl Palmitate Wrinkle Treatment Cream

Vitamin B Complex

Derived from food and bio-tech sources, increases resistance to photo-aging and helps prevents immuno-suppression and skin cancer caused by UV rays.

Vitamin C

Vitamin C also known as Ascorbic Acid is an antioxidant that helps the skin fight agains sun damage and helps neutralize free radicals. Also used to help lighten and brightend the skin. This antioxidant is essential for the synthesis of collagen. When properly delivered into skin cells, vitamin C helps reduce wrinkles and improves skin texture. It is relatively unstable (unless it is in a dry form). When vitamin C oxidizes, it eventually acquires a yellowish tint, indicating an advanced stage of oxidation. People who do not respond to conventional vitamin C products may respond to its derivatives, such as magnesium ascorbyl phosphate, ascorbyl palmitate and others. These vitamin C cousins not only boost collagen synthesis, but also are more stable and less irritating.

Vitamin K

Stimulates blood flow, reduces blood clotting and reduces puffiness.

Products that contain Vitamin K:
Colorescience Eye Camouflage (My Favorite Eyes Cream)

Vitis Vinifera (Grape Seed) Extract

Powerful antioxidant and exhibits some wound-healing properties.

W

Wheat Germ (Triticum Vulgare) Oil

Nutrient-rich oil high in proteins, lecithin, squalene and vitamins E, A and D. Helps to alleviate roughness, cracking and chafing of skin.

Wheat Peptide

Restructuring and hydrating natural peptide form that stimulates collagen-III.

Whey Protein

Contains the precursors for the production of glutathione (GSH), the cells' principal antioxidant. Glutathione participates directly in the neutralization of cellular free radicals.

White Tea

Antioxidant with calming and detoxifying effects.

Products that contain White Tea:
ARCONA White Tea Purifying Cleanser
emerginC phytocell cream 50ml
Replenix AE Dermal Restructuring Therapy

White Willow Bark (Salix Alba) Extract

Contains salicin and has anti-inflammatory properties. It is used in skin care as an astringent and has antiseptic, anti-inflammatory and antipyretic properties.

Willowherb (Epilobium Angustifolia) Extract

Antibacterial, anti-inflammatory, anti-irritant, antioxidant, antimicrobial, antiviral. Cleansing and effective against acne bacteria.

Wine (Polydatin) Extract

Antioxidant for anti-aging.

Witch Hazel (Hamamelis Virginiana) Extract

An extract of the leaves and bark of the Hamamelis virginiana plant, used as an effective astringent, antiseptic and anti-inflammatory. It can dry out acne blemishes, reduce oil on the skin, soothe bruises and sprains, and refresh puffy eyes. L-Epigallocatechin, d-Gallocatechin and D-Hamamelose make witch hazel (Hamamelis virginiana) a calming antioxidant.

Products that contain Witch Hazel (Hamamelis Virginiana) Extract:
Sircuit Addict Firming Anti-Aging Serum
Dr. Dennis Gross Skincare All-in-One Cleanser with Toner

X

Xanthan Gum

Food-grade stabilizer and thickener, it is a polysaccharide (chain of sugars) obtained from friendly bacteria (this bacteria protects cabbage from virus that grows on it).

Y

Ylang Ylang (Cananga Odorata) Essential Oil

Essential oil used in aromatherapy and widely used in perfumery. It also helps normalize sebum secretion associated with skin problems as well as helps with skin irritations and boils.

Z

Zeatin

Plant-based cytokine derived from plant RNA. Chemically composed to work synergistically with kinetin and similar to kinetin in structure. It reduces intra-cellular debris and enhances antioxidative ability of cell. Used in the prevention of cell enlargement, and it's suggested that it helps fiberblast retain young.

Zeolites

Crystalline hydrated silicates from volcanoes. These molecular cages trap and remove heavy metal pollutants and capture biological debris, allowing it to be washed away

Zinc

For many years, zinc has been used as an astringent, an antiseptic and a skin protectant. Some dermatologists recommend zinc to their patients for its anti-inflammatory effect, theorizing that zinc releases vitamin A, which may normalize cells. Topical application of zinc is proven to treat eczema, as well as zinc-based formulas when applied to acne.

Zinc Oxide

An ingredient in many skin preparations that has a mild astringent action and soothing effect. It can be used to treat painful, itchy or most skin conditions and will block the ultraviolet rays of the sun. An inert ingredient, it is used as a sunscreen, to treat diaper rash and to thicken lotions and creams.

Products that contain Zinc Oxide:
Colorescience Sunforgettable Mineral Sunscreen Brush SPF 30 Matte
Elta MD UV Daily Broad-Spectrum SPF 40
Eminence Persimmon & Cantaloupe Day Cream SPF 32
Replenix Sheer Physical Sunscreen Cream SPF 50

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5-Oxoproline

The sodium salt of pyroglutamic acid used on the skin to retain moisture.

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